Essential Instructional Practices in Early Literacy: Prekindergarten


Prekindergarten Essential Instructional Practices in Early LiteracyThe purpose of early literacy essentials is to improve children’s literacy in Michigan. Professional development throughout the state can focus on this set of research-supported literacy instructional practices for daily use in the classroom. 

Early childhood education can help improve reading-by-third-grade outcomes. Pre-K education also can address disparities in literacy achievement.  Research suggests that each of the 10 practices outlined in this document can have a positive impact on literacy development.

The use of these practices in every Michigan classroom every day can make a measurable, positive difference in the state’s literacy achievement.

This document is intended to be read in concert with Essential Instructional Practices in Early Literacy: Kindergarten to Grade 3. There is important overlap and continuity in these two documents.

Videos of Sample Practices

E1, Bullet 1

E1, Bullet 2

Pre-K Essential 3, bullet 1: Leading children in Higher-order Discussion

Pre-K Essential 3, bullets 2&3: Interactive Read-Alouds and Vocabulary Development

Pre-K Essential 3, bullet 4: Using New Vocabulary Throughout the Day

Pre-K Essential 3, bullet 5: Teaching Vocabulary in Clusters

Pre-K Essential 4, bullet 1: Creating Variations of Literature

Pre-K Essential 4, bullet 2: Singing Songs to Promote Phonemic Awareness

Pre-K Essential 4, bullet 3: Sorting using Sounds

Pre-K Essential 4, bullet 4: Playing with Sounds

Pre-K Essential 4, bullet 5: Playing with Sound Segments

Pre-K Essential 5, bullet 1

Pre-K Essential 6, bullet 1: Interactive Writing Experience

Pre-K Essential 6, bullet 2: Using Scaffolded Writing

Pre-K Essential 7, bullets 1, 4 & 5: Expanding Children’s Language Skills

Pre-K Essential 7, bullets 2 & 3: Engaging in Extended Conversations with Children

Pre-K Essential Essential 8, Bullets 1-5 Abundant Reading Materials Sample Video

Pre-K Essential Essential 9, Bullets 1, 2 & 4 Ongoing Observation Sample Video

Pre-K Essential Essential 10, Bullets 1-5 Promoting Literacy at Home Sample Video